Customer case aboutprocess flow diagram of sodium hypochlorite

process flow diagram of sodium hypochlorite

Manufacturing Process Sodium Hypochlorite

Making Sodium Hypochlorite in a Factory There are many stages to be done to create sodium hypochlorite. The process is split in two components called, "Reaction and Product Discharge" and "Bleach Filtration". The picture below is a diagram of the Bleach Filtration stage. ("Intratec Solutions LLC", 2005) The packaging of Bleach.

process flow diagram of sodium hypochlorite

Process Flow Diagram Of Sodium Hypochlorite. 2013-9-12Process Flow Diagram A simplified flow diagram of the NaCN plant is shown in fig 2.3.1. HCN HCN used for Super High Quality Liquor production is manufactured in the HCN6 plant. It is imported to the NaCN plant by pipeline to the evaporator section via the ACH3 plant.

Manufacturing Process Bleach (Sodium Hypochlorite)

Chlorine and the new caustic soda solution is reacted, which creates sodium hypochlorite. The chlorine is circulated through the caustic soda. The reaction will happen instantly, and it can take place in a batch of 14,000 gallons, or can be done in a continuous reactor ("How Bleach is Made", 2007).

Operation and Maintenance of Electrochlorination Plant

The continuous injection of Sodium Hypochlorite solution at sea water intake at a particular designed rate of flow with the concentration of 2 to 3 ppm will ensure the complete control of bio fouling. Electrochlorination The simplified flow chart below shows the process of Sodium Hypochlorite

Continuous process from sodium chloride Marsina

Synthesis process: Sodium hypochlorite is produced by intimate contact between caustic soda and chlorine. The synthesis reaction takes place under continuous operation in a liquid jet ejector. Available concentration range is between 12.5 ÷ 15.5%.

Sodium Hypochlorite Dry Chlorine Production System Powell

Our Sodium Hypochlorite Dry Chlorine Production System is a continuous system designed to safely produce high-quality sodium hypochlorite utilizing dry liquid or dry vapor chlorine and sodium hydroxide. The system is constructed with the highest quality components available to ensure long service life with a minimum amount of maintenance.

Sodium Hypochlorite Production Systems Powell

Sodium Hypochlorite Production Systems come fully assembled and skid-mounted, complete with controls, piping, and valves. These systems are automated for the safe, accurate production of sodium hypochlorite, and can be controlled by a single operator. Flow rates can vary as required. We offer the following production systems.

Desalination Team B processdesign

Mar 11, 2016 Existing plants typically use sodium hypochlorite injections of 3 mg/L to achieve this. Other options for chlorination include the use of chlorine gas or chlorine dioxide, but sodium hypochlorite is preferred at this stage because it has the lowest operating cost. See Figure 2 for a block flow diagram of this process. Fig 2: Block flow

US3134641A Process for the manufacture of calcium

US3134641A US130257A US13025761A US3134641A US 3134641 A US3134641 A US 3134641A US 130257 A US130257 A US 130257A US 13025761 A US13025761 A US 13025761A US 3134641 A US3134641 A US 3134641A Authority US United States Prior art keywords calcium hypochlorite sodium chloride slurry Prior art date 1961-08-09 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and

Valves for Sodium Hypochlorite McMaster-Carr

Union fittings on both ends of these valves disassemble for fast installation and removal from your pipeline. Insert unthreaded pipe into the socket ends and bond with primer and cement to create a permanent, leak-tight connection. These valves have a fluoroelastomer seal and a plastic body that can withstand aggressive and corrosive solutions in chemical-processing applications.

process flow diagram of sodium hypochlorite

Sodium Hypochlorite Manufacturing Process flow diagram. Module 5: Disinfection and Chlorination,Sodium hypochlorite reacts with water to form hypochlorous acid and sodium hydroxide. of the chlorine dioxide with water when introduced to the process flow This diagram can be used to solve for 3 different results: dosage, feed rate,

Sodium Hypochlorite Handbook Occidental Petroleum

Fifteen weight percent sodium hypochlorite will decompose approximately 10 times faster than 5 wt% sodium hypochlorite at 25°C. The pH has a significant effect on the stability of sodium hypochlorite solutions. Below pH 11 the decomposition of sodium hypochlorite is significant due to the shift in the equilibrium in favor of the more

Sodium Hypochlorite an overview ScienceDirect Topics

A diagram of the process used is shown in Figure 11.2; a plant is illustrated in Plate 19(c).The brine for electrolysis is prepared by withdrawing saturated brine from a salt saturator at a concentration of approximately 360 g/l and diluting this to 20–30 g/l.About 3 kg of sodium chloride is required to form 1 kg of chlorine; approximately 50% of the sodium chloride is converted to hypochlorite.

Sodium Hypochlorite Chemical Production Chemical

Apr 01, 2013 The chemical process relies on the acquisition of chlorine and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide; NaOH) feedstock from external sources, in contrast with the electrochemical process for bleach, which also involves brine electrolysis. The process The chlorination of caustic soda to sodium hypochlorite is an exothermic reaction.

Water Treatment Manual: Disinfection

The EPA first published a Water Treatment Manual on Disinfection in 1998. This manual has been revised to reflect best practice in drinking water disinfection and the supervisory role of the EPA.

Electrochlorination pars-treatment

process where either: natural seawa-ter, or, an artificial brine solution (fresh water + salt) is converted into sodium hypochlorite solution Salt is composed of sodium and chlo-ride. When in solution and DC (direct current) is passed through titanium electrodes, the chlorides will disasso-ciate to form chlorine. The process is

SEA WATER BASED ELECTROCHLORINATION SYSTEM

Sea Water Electrolysis process The flow rate of filtered seawater supplied by the booster pumps is controlled by the flow control valves provided at the inlet of Electrochemical Cell. Each stream will have required number of Cell in series to achieve the required operating capacity.

PROJECT PREPARATION

used in many industries. Here are three examples: chlor-alkali industries, sodium and Aluminum industries [1]. The chlor-alkali electrolysis process industry is used in the manufacture of chlorine, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) solution (an alkali) and hydrogen hence the term chlor-alkali.

Chlorine Pacing for Water Treatment Plants Automation

Sep 29, 2020 Make the speed proportional to the plant flow and regulate the stroke with a PID loop where the residual CL2 is the process variable and the desired dosage is the bias. The loop can be tricky to tune because of the iteraction between the plant flow rate and the time it takes for water to move from the injection point to the measurement point.

Processing of fresh-cut tropical fruits and vegetables: A

Figure 4.1 Typical fresh-cut process flow chart for fruits, vegetables and root crops .. 25 Figure 4.2 Steps in phenolic metabolism that result in browning.. 26 Figure 9.1 Basic design of a small fresh-cut produce processing plant .. 62 Figure 9.2 An example of product/personnel flow patterns in

Small Water System Chlorination Controls

Sodium Hypochlorite Variable Injection Rate Two Sources This water system has two well sources. They can operate alone or together, producing significantly different flow rates. The digital flow meter on the combined source water pipe keeps the output of the chlorine feed-pump proportionate to the water flow.

Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl PubChem

Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl or NaClO or ClNaO CID 23665760 structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature

What About Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl)? Flow Control

Sodium hypochlorite is inherently an unstable compound. Two things can happen to it in a piping system that will affect the choice of a valve. Sodium hypochlorite can decompose over time, which results in the formation of crystalline salts, and as it decomposes, one of the decomposition by-products is

for Cleaning Your Cleanroom: Cleaning Products and

sodium hypochlorite (bleach) solutions are also effective as sanitizing agents.1 Recent data from the CDC states that a sodium hypochlorite solution of 500 ppm is effective against almost all surface bioburden. It is suggested that the solution be made at 1000 ppm to allow for degra-dation if diluted with sterile water and used as a hand

Sodium Hypochlorite Handbook Occidental Petroleum

Fifteen weight percent sodium hypochlorite will decompose approximately 10 times faster than 5 wt% sodium hypochlorite at 25°C. The pH has a significant effect on the stability of sodium hypochlorite solutions. Below pH 11 the decomposition of sodium hypochlorite is significant due to the shift in the equilibrium in favor of the more

Sodium Hypochlorite an overview ScienceDirect Topics

A diagram of the process used is shown in Figure 11.2; a plant is illustrated in Plate 19(c).The brine for electrolysis is prepared by withdrawing saturated brine from a salt saturator at a concentration of approximately 360 g/l and diluting this to 20–30 g/l.About 3 kg of sodium chloride is required to form 1 kg of chlorine; approximately 50% of the sodium chloride is converted to hypochlorite.

Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl PubChem

Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl or NaClO or ClNaO CID 23665760 structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature

Sodium Hypochlorite Chemical Production Chemical

Apr 01, 2013 The chemical process relies on the acquisition of chlorine and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide; NaOH) feedstock from external sources, in contrast with the electrochemical process for bleach, which also involves brine electrolysis. The process The chlorination of caustic soda to sodium hypochlorite is an exothermic reaction.

Small Water System Chlorination Controls

Sodium Hypochlorite Variable Injection Rate Two Sources This water system has two well sources. They can operate alone or together, producing significantly different flow rates. The digital flow meter on the combined source water pipe keeps the output of the chlorine feed-pump proportionate to the water flow.

M Caustic Soda Handbook Occidental Petroleum

Sodium Hypochlorite Sodium Phosphates Styrene Vinyl Chloride Monomer. 6 Caustic soda is produced by OxyChem by an electrolytic process as shown in the following diagrams. Brine, prepared from sodium chloride (NaCl), is electrolyzed in either a membrane cell or a diaphragm cell. MEMBRANE CELL FLOW DIAGRAM. MANUFACTURING PROCESS MEMBRANE CELL. 8

PROJECT PREPARATION

used in many industries. Here are three examples: chlor-alkali industries, sodium and Aluminum industries [1]. The chlor-alkali electrolysis process industry is used in the manufacture of chlorine, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) solution (an alkali) and hydrogen hence the term chlor-alkali.

Processing of fresh-cut tropical fruits and vegetables: A

Figure 4.1 Typical fresh-cut process flow chart for fruits, vegetables and root crops .. 25 Figure 4.2 Steps in phenolic metabolism that result in browning.. 26 Figure 9.1 Basic design of a small fresh-cut produce processing plant .. 62 Figure 9.2 An example of product/personnel flow patterns in

CHLORINE SAFETY SCRUBBING SYSTEMS

sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and salt (NaCl): Cl 2 + 2 NaOH NaOCl + NaCl + H 2 O [E2-1] On a weight basis, one kg (2.2 lbs) of chlorine plus 1.13 kg (2.48 lbs) of sodium hydroxide will produce 1.05 kg (2.31 lbs) of sodium hypochlorite. 2.2.2 Side Reactions Additional reactions occurring during the scrubbing of chlorine with sodium

for Cleaning Your Cleanroom: Cleaning Products and

sodium hypochlorite (bleach) solutions are also effective as sanitizing agents.1 Recent data from the CDC states that a sodium hypochlorite solution of 500 ppm is effective against almost all surface bioburden. It is suggested that the solution be made at 1000 ppm to allow for degra-dation if diluted with sterile water and used as a hand

Purified Water System : Pharmaceutical Guidelines

QUANTITY OF SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE (COMMERCIAL GRADE) REQUIRED FOR DOSING 10000 LIT OF WATER 1. Free chlorine required is generally 1 to 3 PPM i.e 1 Kg in 10,00,000 L 10 g in 10,000 L (1 tanker) 2. Free chlorine present in sodium hypochlorite varies between 6.5% to 13% w/v

Sodium Hypochlorite The Chlorine Institute

Appendix G: Sodium Hypochlorite Incompatibility Chart (English Version) Appendix H: Best Practice Guidance for the Safe Handling of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Accidental Mixing Video. The video is designed to increase awareness about the risks of accidentally mixing sodium hypochlorite with other incompatible materials.

Chlorination / DeChlorination Procedures

• The selected dechlorination process must be able to neutralize the chlorine to levels below 0.01 mg/l. • Testing needs to be done at the point of discharge, the point you lose control of the water flow. • Spread dechlorination chemical in the path of the discharge water to insure that the initial water will make contact with the chemical.

Basic Chemistry of Chlorination Hydro Instruments

Chlorine is available in one of three forms: sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite and liquid chlorine. 1.Sodium hypochlorite,commonly called “liquid bleach”, is commercially available in strengths approximately 15% by weight. It can be added to the receiving stream by gravity, by the use of a chemical metering pump, or by physically

Booking Online

#